Manganese is one of the most common elements in Earth's crust and is widely distributed across the planet's surface.
Manganese is vital to plant growth and photosynthesis. Many alloys containing manganese are used in steel production, glass making, and even to make the aluminum in soda cans thinner and stronger.
Manganese steel contains 11-14% Mn and is used in applications such as railway crossings because of its good resistance to wear. The largest single use of manganese remains steel production; Mn improves the wear and hardness of steel. The iron and steel industries use nearly 90% of the world’s manganese ore production.
Cars, hybrid vehicles, tools and home appliances are continuously switching to lithiated manganese dioxide (LMD) batteries with manganese oxide as a cathode to the rechargeable batteries. Ore meeting high-grade high-purity specifications is continuing to sell at premium prices globally and demand for manganese should keep rising. LMDs although low in cost and low in toxicity, are high in capacity, rapid power discharge, high energy density, and have high cycle life power.
LMD Batteries are currently used in the Chevrolet Volt, Nissan Leaf, Hyundai Sonata and Tesla produced products. They are quickly becoming the Green Energy Industrial Revolution battery of choice.
Manganese occurs in specific regions around the world with heaviest concentrations in Brazil, South America, China, Australia and India